What is Biotechnology?
Biotechnology is the field of biology, in which various microscopic living organisms are used for human welfare in health, agriculture, environment and other related fields. In this regard, the use of biotechnology in the field of bioengineering has been very successful in obtaining products of commercial importance. Today, about 3% of the world’s medicines are obtained through biotechnology. It is expected that by the end of the year, it will produce 3% of medicines. For example, insulin for diabetics is made using biotechnology. Genetically modified organisms are used to make many antibiotics.
Why is Biotechnology Important:
In addition, the Human Genome Project is in the final stages of completion. This method will be able to identify the causes that lead to the transmission of hereditary diseases in humans. To prevent this, a new field of health is being introduced called Personalized Medicine. So that suitable drugs can be made keeping in view the genetic profile of different nationalities of the human population.
What is the main purpose of Biotechnology?
Biotechnology is introducing more nutritious and better quality new crops in the agricultural sector. These crops have better environmental resistance and better resistance to various pests. To protect children from the disease, a new variety of rice, Golden Rice, has been planted with the help of biotechnology, which is rich in vitamin A. These are just a few examples of how biotechnology has introduced innovation as well as better practices in the fields of agriculture, health, environment and materials science.
This field of knowledge is being neglected in Asia. While our neighboring country India has made remarkable progress in the field of biotechnology. India has come to know that the secret of poverty reduction and development lies in the Knowledge Economy. That is why he is focusing on the development of biotechnology.
The Mechanism Of The Malaria Bacterium:
The malaria bacterium is a great and cunning enemy of man. Every year, 80 million people get malaria, while another 500,000 die. Most of them are children of the Sahara Desert in Africa.
Is Malaria Caused By Bacteria:
Research into malaria vaccines has been underway in many parts of the world. Experts at the Cambridge Institute in Cambridge say they have discovered how the deadly malaria bacterium enters red blood cells. Scientists hope that this discovery will further improve the medicine used to treat malaria. Experts say they are shocked and impressed by the discovery. According to scientists, the bacterium Plasmodium falciparum is extraordinarily adept at evading the immune system. It hides in the liver within 5 minutes of being bitten by a mosquito and then spreads by infecting red blood cells.
India’s War Preparations:
India is in a terrible war frenzy these days. The Indian Army is conducting a series of missile tests. According to Indian media, the Agni II missile was tested in the eastern state of Odisha. The maximum range of this missile is 5,000 km. The missile is 3 meters long, 1 meter in diameter and weighs 3 tons. The missile can be easily moved from one place to another. India plans to conduct more Agni series experiments, which can hit its target at a distance of 5,000 km.
Missile tests were started by India in the 1970s. Work on the Agni series is underway in India under the Integrated Missile Development Program. India is preparing to test the Agni-3 ballistic missile by the end of this year, and recent missile tests are actually a link in the same chain. Agni – will have the ability to hit its target up to 2,000 km.
Experts say India’s missile tests are an attempt to further improve its nuclear capability, lead in the region and put pressure on Asia in the current situation.